Cars middle class for many decades, the number one of the main products of the Gorky Automobile Plant. And all Russian passenger documents gases pass, first of all, as the cars for official use, and only secondarily - for personal. 'Ghazi' and 'Next' – before the war, "Victory" and "Volga" in the postwar decades worked in all the institutions and organizations of the Union of Russian, how it relied passenger transport service. I could not do without them, and the police.
About passenger cars, serving the law enforcement authorities in the pre-war years, I understood very little. Reached us only a photo GAZ-A police chief in one of the areas with a reddish asterisk on the door and a newspaper article about the GAZ-M1 with speaker horns on the roof, which patrol the streets metropolitan traffic regulation Division ORUD. But for many years after the war the police throughout the USSR faithfully served the M-20 "Victory".
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In the mid-50s a special "police car" was developed at the request of the Ministry of Interior AM 1. From the usual "Victory" he was distinguished by the same speaker on the roof and a radio station for operative communication with the office. At first, in Moscow, and with 1953 year across the country have introduced a special coloring police cars, dark blue with a red stripe povdol total bead. Blue with a red "Victory" band used to patrol the streets, Departure duty and operational teams at the scene. This spacious, heated cabin provides comfortable conditions during travel and duty, capacious trunk allowed to carry a variety of equipment, right criminalists. The volumes of passenger cars at the Gorky plant is not yet allowed to land each sentry on "Victory", but a great contribution to the fight against offenders and offenders, these machines have.
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AT 1957 year instead of "Victory" has mastered GAZ "first series", "Volga" M-21. In large cities such machines with a star on the radiator soon appeared and garages MIA. They, too, were stained in blue and applied along each side of the reddish strip, loudspeaker installed on a roof installation. The interior became more spacious, rack emche, and 1958 year car "presented" a more powerful and reliable overhead valve engine. But the "Volga", the first series did not get the police to that mass, as "Victory". Did not make it.
AT 1960 year began a huge change for the worse. government's ill-conceived to abolish the union Ministry of Internal Affairs, police management was taken over by the ministries of public order (MOOP) Union republics. Centralized truck bodies supply system did not work. In some regions, responsible for the supply managers found the opportunity to purchase the "Volga", to equip them to spot speakers, radio stations, additional lights. In other republics and regions had up to a limit "to continue wearing", "Victory", and in some places police transplanted to "Muscovites".
At that time, the order of the RSFSR MOOP 1963 year changed coloring police cars. In place of the blue came a body blue, reddish band for paint economy left only on the front door. "Volga" GAZ-21 in a "uniform" is often met, especially in Moscow and Moscow region.
In those same years, GAZ has offered a novelty - wagon GAZ-22. Soon this machine, More blue with reddish stripe, He appeared in Moscow traffic police on duty ORUD. A bit later the benefits of versatile managed to assess the operational and investigative teams. They already went to blue or to "civilian" GAZ-22. Most versatile "Volga" enlisted in the militia at home in Gorky.
"The dark band" in the life of the Soviet police was replaced by "snow-white" after, as a place of NS. Khrushchev in the Kremlin took LI. Brezhnev. He declared the Minister of Public Order NS. Schёlokova, who promptly returned the union Ministry of Internal Affairs and closely engaged in providing the police with the latest technology. Of course the same, He took it and solve long-standing problem of the lack of official cars.
WITH 1968 by 1973 years, the union Ministry of Internal Affairs ordered a measured 200-400 car "Volga" in a year. These cars arrived in the State Automobile Inspectorate, patrol service. Initially, the role of the new police vehicles took the usual "Volga" GAZ-21, but Gorky plant has mastered the "Volga" new generation. The police appeared GAZ-24 of the first commercial batches 1969 and began 1970 Year of release. While the police "20 fourth" met more often, than civilians.
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In the same period Scholokovu got to get to a small number of special police cars GAZ-23 with eight-cylinder engine of the "Seagull" GAZ-13 and automatic transmission. They were stained and equipped like ordinary GAZ-21, they served in the traffic police escort departments, used to accompany the noble processions and at a meeting of eminent foreign guests. In contrast to the usual "Volga", GAZ-23 could just move in a high-speed mode with the government "The Seagull", ZILami ambassadorial and imported cars.
Strips and "flashers"
Several research institutes involved in the development of the latest special staining. Bright yellow body sharply allocated car in the traffic, blue band paid tribute to the traditions of the militia colors 50s and also served as a bright hallmark. In an initial embodiment, a police sedan relied Blue trunk.
Late-GAS GAS 21 and the early-24, serving in the police and traffic police, fitted with a similar standard set of additional equipment. On the drain grooves to establish a special bracket, worn on themselves two horn-speaker and blue flashing light on high "leg". This allowed not to make unnecessary holes in the roof. At the left front pillar on the wing mounted spotlight-seeker on the highest stalk, similar to, that was used in the honey wagons GAZ-22B. On the trunk - a lantern with the word "stop", on the front bumper - yellow fog lights. In the trunk was a powerful radio station "Palma". In the early 70s in the USSR from a mass Czechoslovakia supplied more compact signal loudspeaker device (SGU) company with Tesla beacon huge diameter, installed directly on a compact horn speaker. Thus, such devices have met as GAS-24, and the GAZ-21 past repair. From time to time set two reddish lights on either side of the SSU. AT 1975 by special yellow-blue coloring legalized GOST, Only from the blue trunk abandoned in favor of the blue circle in the yellow cap with the inscription GAI, PG either PMG.
At the turn of 60-70-ies of all the "old" and "new", "Volga" on a single project was converted to the Ministry of Interior facilities, one of which is in a working village Sukhobezvodnoye Gorky region and has everything you need for repainting cars and refinement.
In the '70s and the first half of the 80 "Volga" GAZ-24 was one of the main Soviet police car. In small quantities, to carpool Departments of Internal Affairs received universals GAZ-24-02 and 8-cylinder GAZ-24-24 (This model was produced in greater numbers, than its predecessor, the GAZ-23). Order of the Minister and GOST, asserting yellow and blue coloring, increasingly violated. Construction of special forces police cars enterprises came to naught, new "Volga" was obtained directly from the factory. Equipment for high-quality repainting the body was not everywhere, because blue stripes increasingly drew on the edge stiffness in cars everyday conveyor colors - white, gray, beige. Also began "inconsistency" with additional equipment - beacons, speakers, radio stations. Huge widely beacons company FER from the GDR, DGS-60 compact radio factory of Dnepropetrovsk, cordless "Altai". Fog lamps 1978 Year included in GAZ-24 standard original equipment. From time to time, special devices removed from the old machine and installed on the heritage to new.
In the mid 80s the basic model of "Volga" was significantly modernized GAZ-24-10. These vehicles are still met at the police station, including in Moscow, but in much smaller quantities, than the "classic" GAZ-24. In place of the "Volga" in the years of perestroika came more compact "Muscovites-21418", rear-wheel drive and front-wheel vases and receiving an increasing spread of foreign cars.
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And only at home GAZ in Nizhny Novgorod, the internal affairs bodies as previously relied on local products. Even in 2005 year in Nizhny Novgorod DPS and faculty met GAZ-31029. In droves to the police 52-th region to supply gas-3110 with thin dark bumpers, then with volume, then the "late" GAZ-31105 with round headlights. On the streets of Nizhny Novgorod had just met and GAZ-3102 in white and blue colors of the police. Even small batches released Volga Siber model, there was a place in law enforcement. But only in his native town.
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