Myths and facts about raf-2203

Legends and facts about the raf-2203

At the time of the Riga Russian minivan driven virtually every citizen: if you are lucky, then as a passenger taxi, and if not - then the coach of "first assistance" ... There was also a category of citizens, who proudly identify themselves as drivers of the new "Rafik". Usually, Specifically these people during a feast or smoke breaks wisely not only talked about the pros and cons of raf-2203, but were in charge of interesting (and fabulous places) stories, associated with the development and establishment of a minibus in the Latvian SSR. We have somehow dug in some legends , associated with this model,, and now recall the other popular "rafomify" those years, separating them from the historical facts.

 


MYTH 1: Appearance “Rafiq” It was copied from a foreign concept car


myth

Work on a new minivan in Riga began in 1963 year, thus planned, that his body or, at least the last, Many items are made of fiberglass .... But after a couple of years for a variety of circumstances, experimenting with innovative materials stopped, "Kickbacks" to the classic metal.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
RAF-982 - released 1968 , the layout with fiberglass body. After the car came to a catastrophe, technological experiments stopped in Riga

Over promising "Rafiq" in the contest immediately worked two teams, each of which had to offer two options. 1-First group of designers led by A. Meyzisa made a prototype under the symbol RAF-982-1 with polukapotnoy assembly, which has a rather outdated design, some resemblance to the Ford Transit those years.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
This assembly RAF-982-1 was to correct the shortcomings of the former "Rafik"

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agree, in the appearance of the first prototype of the new RAF and vital at the time Ford Transit has a lot of common solutions

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agree, in the appearance of the first prototype of the new RAF and vital at the time Ford Transit has a lot of common solutions

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agree, in the appearance of the first prototype of the new RAF and vital at the time Ford Transit has a lot of common solutions

Therefore, team A. Bergs made a completely different machine, which stood out against an opponent not only wagon-type, but also non-trivial design, creator who is a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR Arthur Eysert. not extravagant, but really futuristic exterior prototype RAF-982-2 under the number 1 It was associated with a faster vehicle for delivering astronauts, than utilitarian "Busik" or taxi.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
RAF-982-2 - a real "visitor from the future" in the background, not only the precursor, but other minivans those years

logically, that Minavtoproma not inclined to an unusual variant design Eyserta, and to a more normal RAF-982-1. Only perseverance director RAF Elijah Pozniak in conjunction with the second modified layout RAF-982-2 not only helped to persuade more judges in favor of the more avant-garde version, but also a "knock out" for him to build a new factory in Jelgava, located in 50 km from Riga. After releasing the latest model in the old production facilities have been almost impossible - at least, based on annual production of new vans plans.

During the construction of the new plant constructors RAF together with specialists brought us experimental standards to the level of serial products, And the process has gone so far, that remained from the former prototypes except that the silhouette of a proprietary "chip" — huge windshield, the tilt angle of which coincides with a short "hood".

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
For quite like the serial "Rafik" prototype of raf-2203 in 1972 was even tested for line №8 taxi in Moscow

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WITH 1971 by 1974 five year pre-production copies of the raf-2203 was produced, are distinguished not only by some external elements, but the layout of the cabin. They, as the machines of the first pilot batch, collected in December 1975, differed from serial “Rafikova” fangs at the front bumper

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WITH 1971 by 1974 five year pre-production copies of the raf-2203 was produced, are distinguished not only by some external elements, but the layout of the cabin. They, as the machines of the first pilot batch, collected in December 1975, differed from serial “Rafikova” fangs at the front bumper

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WITH 1971 by 1974 five year pre-production copies of the raf-2203 was produced, are distinguished not only by some external elements, but the layout of the cabin. They, as the machines of the first pilot batch, collected in December 1975, differed from serial “Rafikova” fangs at the front bumper

4 / 6

WITH 1971 by 1974 five year pre-production copies of the raf-2203 was produced, are distinguished not only by some external elements, but the layout of the cabin. They, as the machines of the first pilot batch, collected in December 1975, differed from serial “Rafikova” fangs at the front bumper

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WITH 1971 by 1974 five year pre-production copies of the raf-2203 was made, are distinguished not only by some external elements, but the layout of the cabin. They, as the machines of the first pilot batch, collected in December 1975, differed from serial “Rafikova” fangs at the front bumper

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WITH 1971 by 1974 five year pre-production copies of the raf-2203 was produced, are distinguished not only by some external elements, but the layout of the cabin. They, as the machines of the first pilot batch, collected in December 1975, differed from serial “Rafikova” fangs at the front bumper

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
At the end of the 60s Fiat produced here is a minibus 850 Familiar
Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Mazda Bongo Combi appeared a year later raf-2203. And if she hardly looked attractive new "Rafik"

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Volkswagen Typ 2 Bus - the same age as the second "Rafik" designed in the style of the 60's

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Volkswagen type 2 Bus - the same age as the second "Rafik" designed in the style of the 60's

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Volkswagen type 2 Bus - the same age as the second "Rafik" designed in the style of the 60's

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Volkswagen type 2 Bus - the same age as the second "Rafik" designed in the style of the 60's

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Volkswagen T3 differs from its predecessors angular appearance, appropriate in the early eighties

But even a cursory comparison "Rafikov" (both experienced, and serial) minibuses with the years immediately puts the record straight i - something remotely similar was except that the bodywork studio Bertone Fiat for office, ... but only on the concept level and 1975 year, when raf-2203 have already started to mass-produce!

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Fiat Visitors Bus - a futuristic concept from Bertone, submitted in 1975


MYTH 2: For the new model, we built a new plant

true

As we have already recalled in the last section, to the beginning of the seventies Riga Autobus Factory in fact exhausted its potential as part of old plants, where once operated metalworking and creation workshops and Deitsmanisa Potreki. Potochnee, already in the sixties lack of production capacity in Riga even forced the USSR control hastily organized in Armenia creating vans ErAZ-762, which was based on a minibus RAF-977. And it is focused on the issue of minibuses in Latvia to carry passengers - both as taxis, and specialized medical vehicles.

However, the new model sought a much more modern equipment — new presses and dies, automatic welding lines and special settings to be applied to the soil body and paint. Body pressing and complex in comparison with the old shops turned out just great - about 9 thousand square meters.

Since raf-2203 was originally created as a minivan for the relative mass production, then himself being built in Jelgava plant immediately «customized» these requirements.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Preproduction raf-2203 with "fangs" and in police livery adorned the cover of the July issue of "For Rulem" for 1974 year, despite the fact that the prototype of the new "Rafik" flashed on the pages of the magazine back in 1971,!
Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Auto first years of release could be distinguished by "volgovskih" front position lamps below the bumper and the round exterior mirrors

Unparalleled affiliate with production buildings and residential settlements of employees took a more 30 hectares of land, and its construction by the end of the ninth five-year plan provided some 25 million rubles.

1-first "almost serial" raf-2203 left the assembly line at the end of 1975 of the year, the eve of the XXV Congress of the CPSU, and in February 1976, the company in Jelgava with the main conveyor length of about two kilometers was officially put into operation, while the plant almost immediately renamed in honor of the XXV Congress of the Party.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
New Latvian vans gathered only at the new plant in Jelgava

Calculated on a yearly edition 15-17 thousand cars, RAF became Largest enterprise producing minivans throughout the USSR. In total, over two decades in Latvia released above 274 000 copies raf-2203 and its modifications!

Legends and facts about the raf-2203


MYTH 3: Newest model prepared specifically for the Olympics-80


myth

In the circles of Russian motorists conventional wisdom, that the new model is specially made for the Olympics-80 - the more, that mass usage Riga minibuses were just on the eve of this huge sporting event.

In reality, however, in connection with the Olympics of the Riga factory was assigned a responsible goal - the creation on the basis of raf-2203 special version for service activities. Until January 1980 year in the Latvian SSR developed seven different modifications, which were produced in an amount of about 300 items in the shop of small batches, which was located on the old factory area in Riga.

For ensuring the safety of the Olympic torch escort cars meet RAF-2907, in a comfortable cabin which is the custodian of the fire torches and spare. accompanying runners, minibuses moved at a speed of running athletes. To avoid overheating of the engine, on special machines installed increased radiators and fans with electronic drive.

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Olympic fire in 1980 accompanied by "Olympic" special-purpose vehicles based on the raf-2203

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Olympic fire in 1980 accompanied by "Olympic" special-purpose vehicles based on the raf-2203

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Olympic fire in 1980 accompanied by "Olympic" special-purpose vehicles based on the raf-2203

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
According to the Olympic Village in Moscow cruised special trains, also started on the basis of raf-2203.

More widespread among the «Olympians» steel-metal pickups velovozy-RAF-2909 with a double cabin and vans, trucks to transport trailers with sailing or rowing vessels. Besides, mobile laboratories RAF-2913 paramedics performed medical examination of athletes and their inspection before the race. For employees of the Organizing Committee and international sports federations have made a modification of RAF-2908 with a five-seater saloon, in which apart from the seats set the tables, typewriter, radio, color TV set, and even a refrigerator!

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
on photo: RAF-2908 - operational bus for the representatives of the organizing committee of the Olympic Games 80

Finally, Judges in the marathon and race walking catered RAF-2910. ... electronic propulsion instead of conventional internal combustion engines, wherein on one charge «train» We drove around 100 km at speeds of up to 30 km / h.

But despite the abundance of "Olympic" versions raf-2203, basic vehicle created well before the Olympics 80 and completely other purposes.


MYTH 4: On the basis of "Rafiq" made in Finland honey spetsavtomobili


true

Raf-2203 in order of mandatory I was «put on a white robe» — i.e, work as a linear ambulances medical assistance. The corresponding modification of RAF-22031 was developed in virtually the same time, that ordinary passenger version. of course, RAF in red and white coloring was different from «civilian» Cabin layout and special equipment, in the number of mandatory attributes which include not only devices for anesthesia and mechanical ventilation, but also a pair of stretcher — both stationary, and additional attachments. There was also a special modification of RAF-22035 (ATsPK) Blood transportation.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
White-red "soon" on the basis of raf-2203 have become a common transport Soviet physicians at the end of the 70s

but this «medical career» the minibus was not limited to: at 1979 by order of the USSR Finnish company TAMRO took renovations «Rafikova» in ambulances.

Finnish «Tamara», as they are affectionately called doctors, were delivered to the Soviet Alliance a few years. TAMRO-RAF distinguish from ordinary «emergency» It could be on the highest roof, through which doctors can revive the patient, standing in the cabin full-length. Another perceptible difference — lemon hue of a body instead of the traditional white in the USSR.

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Tamra-RAF - made in Finland on the basis of an ambulance, "Rafik"

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Tamra-RAF - made in Finland on the basis of an ambulance, "Rafik"

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Tamra-RAF - made in Finland on the basis of an ambulance, "Rafik"

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Tamra-RAF - made in Finland on the basis of an ambulance, "Rafik"

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
The principal advantage of the Finnish "Tamara" — high roof, whereby resuscitation teams could work standing

The Finns also made and sent to the Ministry of Health Party pathological vehicles «deaf» body without glazing and a refrigeration unit inside.

The project itself was very expensive and unprofitable, so the Soviet side was obliged to abandon it in 1987 year. But the image and likeness of the RAF-in Tamro 1989 in Latvia built its own ambulance, which differed from ordinary RAF-2915 is not only an index (2914), but increased by 400 mm roof height, which is why many confuse this «Latvia» with the products of the company TAMRO.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
RAF-2914 - factory workers attempt to make "its Tamara"


MYTH 5: During the release of RAF-2203 Riga bus factory became a joint stock company

myth

The process of corporatization of the Riga Bus Plant began several years before the collapse of the USSR - if precisely, то в 1989 year, when it was officially recorded of "RAF". Its authorized capital was only 3 миллиона рублей, despite the fact that the real cost of the plant is still in 1984 It was estimated at about 137 millions. In this case, the order of the transformation of the enterprise into a corporation Minavtoprom published only a year later - that is,, at the end of 1990. But the "powerful and invulnerable" has breathed its last, And the first "exit" prepared just the Baltic republics. It was then, and there were discussions about the division of property in the form of blocks of shares. If the ownership of a controlling stake (51%) labor collective disputes at the plant management of the USSR and Latvia did not arise, what about the other 49% the parties could not come to an agreement.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
RAF was ordinary state-owned enterprise and became a joint-stock company after the collapse of the USSR

Only sad for the Union to August 1991, the Baltic states have agreed to divide the remaining shares equally between the Ministries of the USSR and Latvia, but then 19 August is already meant nothing. After all, according to the decree №215 all Russian enterprises and factories in the former Latvian SSR fled to the Republic of Latvia property, in connection with which rely Russian Minavtopromu "piece" RAF Letts moved together with the remaining fraction.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203

And in September 1991 the Riga bus factory eventually became a joint-stock company. A basic raf-2203 by then been released for four years, because this model with its modifications, has stood on the assembly lines in Jelgava with 1976 by 1987 year.


MYTH 6: The "Rafik" had difficulties with quality manufacturing and assembly


true

AT 1979 raf-2203 was awarded the symbol of quality - a kind of badge of honor, indicating the highest quality car manufacturing (at 1977 This is also the year award was awarded, for example, VAZ-2106. But in the beginning of the new decade, the quality of manufacture and assembly of automobiles began to fall.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
As a symbol - the certificate of reliability and quality products. How to Alas, in the case of Raf in the mid-80s these properties practically lost Latvian vans

By the mid-80s raf-2203 is not only morally outdated, but lost principal advantages - a relatively high level of manufacturing, because of what the new vans practically "scattered" in front.

In particular this applies to the body - "Rafik", what is called, "To crumble", and this happens even stronger and faster, than in the early copies. And the units 'pleased' multiple defects, because of what the operation of cars as taxis, on "fast" or as special vehicles brought a lot of "nice" moments of drivers and repairmen.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Raf-2203 stretch worked as a bus, because the decline in the quality "Rafikov" on yourself feel passengers, and the drivers of these vehicles
Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Hard to be "a cleaner", if you own it would not prevent!
Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Broke down on the road RAF-2203 - is not such a rare phenomenon of Soviet

The fall of the properties of the Riga factory production caused a great resonance in the country - and when marriage headed for an impressive level 13% of the total number of output, in the spirit of the times (restructuring, publicity and so on) management of the plant was removed, as new manager (it was Viktor Bossert) for the first time not appointed from above, and elected the whole team. Besides, to modernize the RAF were allocated significant funds, which would allow the company to increment the annual output up to minibuses 50 thousand copies.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
By the mid 80-ies of consumers no longer hold as the quality of production and assembly, and overall technical level of "Rafiq"

And talking about raf-2203 was not walking — apart from quality problems, and consumers, themselves designers did not want to put up with not the best indicators of longevity, efficiency and comfort of your own car. That is why the quality of «Rafikova» We want to improve both the modernization of the body, powertrain, chassis and interior.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203 Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Carriage assembly dictate their standards of ergonomics - comfortable driving raf-2203 was far not all drivers


MYTH 7: Raf-2203 released after the collapse of the USSR


the myth and the truth

Riga minibuses were a regular feature of the landscape of most cities, even after the Russian Union became part of history. And often they were not "groomed" has in the past decade machines, a completely straight from the tin cars. That is why many motorists believe, that raf-2203 as previously issued.

In fact, the basic model with this index was discontinued back in 1987 in connection with the events, described in the previous section. In place podrasteryal quality "Rafiq" had come a deep modernized version, that the plant was designated as RAF-22038.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
Despite the resemblance, and "extra" index 22038, modernized minivan is the latest base model

Behind this designation is not hiding some minor modification, and seriously improved minivan, which differed from its predecessor not only dark plastic grille on the front of, but also reinforced body, new engine ZMZ-402.10, disc front brakes and a new interior with improved ventilation. true, just learn a modernized version of the "full set" failed due to subcontractors, so factory workers had to run to the creation of a transitional model RAF-2203-01, which looks ancient and former interior combined with the new motor and reinforced body. A completely renovated RAF-22038 reached the conveyor only 1989 year.

Legends and facts about the raf-2203
In the second half of the eighties in Jelgava they were required to produce "hybrid" RAF-2203-01

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

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For the majority of Russian citizens of the difference between the raf-2203 (left) and RAF-22038 (case) It was not obvious. But "zero three" was taken out of production already in 1987 year, and "30 eighth" produced ten more years - until 1997,

But regardless of all these vicissitudes base RAF-2203, developed in the early 70s, to the collapse of the USSR on the line did not live. "Modernized" the options "Rafik", and not replaced by a new, but "stillborn" development plant constructors, withstood in service until 1997 of the year, when the question arose about the necessity of the existence of the plant. A year later it became a part of history is no longer "Rafik", and the RAF ...

Legends and facts about the raf-2203

PollWhat do you think of the raf-2203?

I liked to ride on it as a child

Very much on the mind, but close faced

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I liked to ride on it as a child 66%, 1441 1441 66% 66% all golosovOchen like in appearance, but close faced 26%, 560 560 26% 26% golosovRavnodushen all these Russian minibuses 8%, 179 179 8% 8% all golosovVsego votes: 218012.04.2019 × You either from your IP has already voted. Rate loved to ride on it as a child I like in appearance, but close I faced indifferent to this Soviet minibuses × You either from your IP has already voted. results

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